Process Investigation for Conversion of Municipal Solid Waste into Liquid Fuel


  • Usman Ahmed Jafri Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission
  • Muhammad Tayyab Javed PIEAS
  • Imran R Chughtai PIEAS


Municipal Solid Waste, MSW, Pyrolysis of MSW, Thermochemical Conversion



An investigation was conducted on pyrolysis technology and its process to convert the municipal solid waste into useful energy (liquid fuel). The investigation includes the development of the experimental setup for this process and its future prospects in Pakistan. The methodology used for this process is the thermochemical conversion of municipal solid waste using pyrolysis technique. A pyrolysis process is under consideration for many years for the production of synthetic fuel oils from organic solid waste. The system comprises of pyrolysis reactor, condenser for condensable gas, gas holder (for non- condensable gas).The feedstock used in the pyrolysis reactor is the municipal solid waste (includes kitchen waste, papers etc) in fine mesh size i.e. 2.5 – 3.0 mm. The residue obtained were mainly char (pyrolytic oil), pyrogas (non – condensable gases) and ash, which shows that process has a potential for the treatment of the municipal solid waste and is a good technology for resource recover.

Author Biography

Usman Ahmed Jafri, Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission

Junior Scientist




How to Cite

Jafri, U. A., Javed, M. T., & Chughtai, I. R. (2011). Process Investigation for Conversion of Municipal Solid Waste into Liquid Fuel. Journal of the Pakistan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 39(1), 23–27. Retrieved from