Tuning the morphological and structural properties of Zinc Oxide by chemical doping of Nickel Oxide
Keywords:Morphology, Transparent Conducting Oxides, Grain size, X-ray diffractometer, Solid state reaction method.
AbstractWe present in this report the morphological and structural changes of the nanostructures of Zinc oxide (ZnO) doped with Nickle oxide (NiO). The doping was varied by atomic weight percentage of 0 %, 2 %, 4 % and 8 % by solid state reaction method. The pellets with diameter of 1 cm and thickness of about 0.5 cm were fabricated. The nanostructures formed were observed using scanning electron microscope (SEM) and structural properties were measured X-Ray Diffraction (XRD). SEM micrographs showed that fabricated nanostructures were smooth and homogenous. The average grain size was measured for each doping concentration. The grain size increases via increasing amount of doping. From XRD patterns, taking the FWHM and Braggâ€™s angle, the grain size was calculated using Schererâ€™s formula. The XRD and SEM results showed a similar trend that doping ZnO with Ni increases the average grain size.
How to Cite
Dildar, I. M., Zafar, M., Shuaib, A., Shaukat, S., & Rehman, S.- ur-. (2016). Tuning the morphological and structural properties of Zinc Oxide by chemical doping of Nickel Oxide. Journal of the Pakistan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 44(1), 76–83. Retrieved from http://piche.org.pk/journal/index.php/jpiche/article/view/264
LicenseAuthors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).