Safety Measures in Welding and Spray Painting in Pakistan: A Systematic Review


  • Adnan Fazal Manzoor Comsats University Islamabad
  • Asad Ullah Baloch BUITMS
  • Kamran Sami
  • Shahid Munir Bhatti
  • Muhammad Arif Javed Comsats University



Worker Health, PPE, Accident, Injury, Training, Occupational Safety


Use of Personnel Protective Equipment (PPE) is an integral segment in occupational safety program in order to improve injury and loss prevention; however, in developing nations the occupational safety is often undermined. Across the under developed countries, employees in informal sector are executing their duty in the absence of adequate safety setup.

We conducted a Systematic literature review of studies on use and impact of protection equipment in informal sector (Welding and Spray Painting) of Pakistan. Google Scholar was searched for use of occupational personal safety studies conducted in English in two sectors (Welding and Spray Painting) in Pakistan.

Search resulted in fifty six (56) studies. The initial, abstract and full text review finally yielded seven (7) studies for this review. Overall state of use of PPE was found very disappointing. No Policy exists and poor field implementation was reported. Eye Shields and gloves were among the highest available used PPEs. There was no use of respirators in welding and spray painting areas.

This is the first-ever review on the state of occupational safety in informal sector (welding and spray painting) of Pakistan. Detailed studies in informal sector are required to depict the safety practices.

Author Biography

Kamran Sami

Dean, BUITMS Quetta pakistan



2020-11-17 — Updated on 2022-11-15


How to Cite

Manzoor, A. F., Baloch, A. U., Sami, K., Bhatti, S. M., & Javed, M. A. (2022). Safety Measures in Welding and Spray Painting in Pakistan: A Systematic Review. Journal of the Pakistan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 48(1), 35–42. (Original work published November 17, 2020)